As a building material, plywood is one of the indispensable elements in the furniture design and construction industry.
Plywood according to TS 46 (1971): It is a wooden material obtained by gluing thin peeling boards obtained by peeling parts of tree trunks of certain lengths and diameters on special machines by compressing them under pressure by overlapping 3, 5, 7 and more odd numbers perpendicular to each other in fiber directions.
Layers can also be created parallel to each other and in different ways for special uses.
The first examples were found during the reign of Pharaoh. In the industrial sense, production was started at the beginning of the 1900s.
What are the Types of Plywood?
Where is Plywood Used?
In construction works
- In the mold works
- On the pier platforms
- Interior partitions and roofing works
- In the floor and parquet industry
- In furniture works
In the construction of wooden chairs and tables
- Office furniture
- In the construction of armchairs
- And in the manufacture of all kinds of furniture
In transport and shipbuilding
- On the floor and sidewalls of truck trailers
- On the floors of containers
- On the floor and sidewalls of wagons
- In animal transport vehicles
- On the ground and sidewalks of vehicles such as buses, and trucks. Also in the manufacture of many spare parts.
- For the manufacture of ships, boats, and many offshore vehicles.
- The material has high resistance to moisture and chemical material
- It is cheaper than other materials
- It is more durable and lightweight
- It is safe and hygienic
- It is a reusable and environmentally friendly material
- It can be used in all kinds of packaging
Other areas of usage
- On the walls as a floor and sound insulation in gyms
- In musical instruments
- In the construction of music columns
- Traffic signs, billboards, and urban furniture
- Garden huts
- On basketball hoops and skating platforms
- Wall climbing boards
- On the stands, stage, and show platforms
- In the production of kitchen and bathroom cabinets, and countertops
- Textile machine tables and cutting machines, making machine models
- And it continues to be used in many more areas.
What is Plywood?
It is generally used in construction works, furniture works, transportation and shipbuilding works, packaging, and other fields. Examples of other usage areas include toys, urban furniture, game rooms, garden sheds, musical instruments, traffic signs, and billboards.
Film-faced plywood types used in construction works are called “PLYWOOD” in our country.
How is Plywood Made?
After this information, the question of what kind of construction phase the plywood, which is used in various fields, goes through is wondered. To summarize, the logs cut from the trees are stored in special log pools and then the bark is separated from the tree. The logs, which are sized to the desired dimensions, are peeled into thin layers with a special machine after cutting. After the layers have dried, the fiber directions are placed perpendicular to each other. The layers are combined with glue and the pressing process is applied according to the desired thickness. With this last process, the board called the panel is cut to the desired length, sanded, and made ready for use.
What Is Birch Plywood and How Is It Made?
Birch plywood, sanded on both sides. Birch plywood has a wide range of applications. The plywood consists of veneers with a thickness of 1.4 mm with cross bonding. It forms the basis of all other types of birch plywood products.
Birch plywood is obtained by gluing the veneers, which are glued in such a way that the fiber directions of the veneers produced by peel veneer technology are perpendicular to each other, by compressing them in 3-5-7 or more odd layers in high pressure hot presses.
After the obtained coatings are sized to the desired dimensions, the surface is calibrated and transmitted to the final process to be shaped according to the place of use.
The most important factors affecting product quality can be listed as follows;
- Homogeneity of coating thickness and peeling quality,
- The degree of coating moisture,
- Smooth fibrousness of the tree structure,
- The amount and quality of glue used,
- Press temperature and pressure capacity,
- Surface calibration,
- Packaging quality of the final product.